Recorded by the Miles Davis Nonet
Arranged by John Lewis
Edition: Jazz Nonet Arrangement [6 Horns with Rhythm Section]
Description: Swing - Difficult
Publisher: Jazz Lines Publications
Gil Evans set up shop in his small New York apartment above a Chinese laundry acting as an adviser to a group of jazz musicians. Evans was already well-known as an adventurous arranger who took inspiration from classical composers of the day. The emphasis of this group was the arrangements and the re-definition of the current jazz scene. Gerry Mulligan was the main arranger and composer with John Lewis. In 1947 Evans and Gerry Mulligan organized a group of musicians into a working nonet and began to rehearse some new material. Miles Davis was trying to separate himself from the bebop club scene, of which he was a part in Charlie Parker's groups. He heard the music being played at Gil Evans' place and joined them.
In 1949 Davis organized the recording of twelve arrangements, nine by Gerry Mulligan. They were recorded by Capitol Records, during three recording sessions, over the next year. These sessions yielded the famous Birth of the Cool record. The musicians that were in the group included: Miles Davis (trumpet), Mike Zwerin (trombone), Bill Barber (tuba), Junior Collins (French horn), Gerry Mulligan (baritone saxophone), Lee Konitz (alto saxophone), John Lewis (piano), Al McKibbon (bass), and Max Roach (drums).
Gerry Mulligan with Gil Evans, John Lewis, Miles Davis, and the others invented what came to be known as the Cool School.
This fast John Lewis arrangement features solos for baritone sax, trumpet, and alto saxophone. An alternate B flat part for the French horn is included that may be played by a second trumpet. And, the tuba part may be played by a bass trombone.
NOTE: This is part of our BIRTH OF THE COOL series of charts.
Horn in F (or Trumpet 2)
Tuba (or Bass Trombone)